Punjab At A Glance
and endeavour, these two words symbolize the essential spirit of
the people of Punjab. Since Independence, over 5 decades, the
state has earned its epithet: "of Granary India" through the
enterprising spirit, and untiring toil of its people.
Its average growth rate of 10% is amongst the highest in the
country, clearly reflecting the progressive economy of the state
.Punjab also boasts a 58% literacy rate and the highest per
capita income in India. Today's Punjab has become a land of
boundless opportunities, offering distinct advantages for
investment and industry.
Since the recent liberalization of India's economy, Punjab has
started making its mark on the global business mainstream, with
major players from around the world forming joint ventures in
the field of agri-business.
Privileged by nature and the dynamism of its people, Punjab is a
land of rivers, fertile soils and steady achievement. With its
inimitable style of transforming every potential opportunity
into a success story, the state was the first to translate
agricultural technology into the "green revolution", recording
highest growth rate in food production. From a minor producer it
emerged a major rice surplus state. Providing the impetus for
the "White revolution", during Operation Flood, it was Punjab
that recorded the highest per capita availability of milk.
Today's Punjab has over 2.04 lakhs of small and medium
industries and about 600 large scale industries. It leads in the
manufacture of machine and hand tools; printing and paper
cutting machinery; auto parts and electrical switch gear. The
state also provides more than 75% of the country's requirement
for bicycles, sewing machines, hosiery and sports goods. At par
with the highest quality standards in the world, these products
have carved a niche for themselves in markets across the globe.
Punjab is easy to reach by road, rail or air. From Delhi,
Chandigarh, the state capital is 246 km and Amritsar, the
northernmost city of the state is 446 Kms.
The total road mileage in Punjab is 35,501 Kms of state roads
and rural link roads. In addition, the length of national
highways is 964 Kms. All the 12,342 villages in the state are
linked by all-weather roads and major towns of all adjoining
states are connected by national highways. One can drive from
one extreme end of the state to the other in six hours. Road
travel time from Delhi is about four hours
All districts and sub-divisional towns have direct bus services
to the state capital, Chandigarh. All villages have bus services
linking them with the sub-division and district headquarters
towns. In addition, there are excellent deluxe bus services
between New Delhi and Patiala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Amritsar and
Chandigarh. Air conditioned luxury buses ply at almost hourly
intervals between New Delhi and Chandigarh. Taxi services
between various towns and Chandigarh and to New Delhi are
dependable and comfortable.
All major towns and district headquarters have excellent
rail links for both passenger and goods traffic. Chandigarh,
Ludhiana, Amritsar, Ferozepur and Jalandhar are on the main line
and have excellent daily train services to New Delhi including
convenient overnight trains. Super fast Shatabdi Express trains
connect Delhi to Chandigarh (a comfortable three-hour trip) and
Delhi to Amritsar via Ludhiana (equally comfortable and just a
little less than six hours). The Shan-e-Punjab train links
Amritsar and New Delhi, the Himalayan Queen links Chandigarh and
New Delhi and there are numerous trains from Jammu / Amritsar,
linking these towns as well as Ludhiana and Jalandhar with New
Delhi For more information of various trains and availability
schedules, click through the Indian Railway WebSite
There is an international airport at Amritsar located in
Rajasansi which is about 11 kilometers from the main city.
Outside the aiport, you would find cabs that are not necessarily
painted yellow and black. The word ‘Taxi’ would be written on
There is also a car rental facility available in front of the
International Arrival Hall.
Other domestic airports are located at Chandigarh (12 kilometers
from the city), Ludhiana, Pathankot. For more information on
flight schedules, availability and book tickets online, go
through websites of
Air India Site, Jet Airways or Air Sahara.
This is a city with a hallowed history. The present city dates
back to the 15th century but it’s association with India’s
national epic, the Ramayan, shows that it’s sacred heritage must
be measured, not in centuries but
millenniums. The holiest shrine of the Sikh faith – the Golden
Temple – is located in heart of Amritsar and no visit to the
city is complete without a glimpse of the temple. In terms of
industry and commerce, Amritsar is a city famous for woollen
mills and textile processing.
a town of great antiquity. The most important town of area is
known as the 'Bastis' (Basti Bawa Khel, Basti
Guzan, Basti Danishmandan and others) tell the story of the
domination of this place by Pathan rulers. Jalandhar known for
its sportsmen as well as its sports industry is a growing
industrial town having steel and iron re-rolling, rubber goods,
electric goods, automobile parts and sewing machine factories.
Handloom products are also manufactured at Jalandhar.
Ludhiana an important industrial city, is Known as the
Manchester of India. It is famous the world over for its hosiery
goods. Woollen garments produced here are sold in prestigious
shopping centres from Moscow to Montreal and Bangkok to London
and New York. The famous Punjab Agricultural University
patterned after the land-grant colleges of America, is situated
on the outskirts of the city. Rural Olympics of Qila Raipur,
Chhapper Mela and Kissan Mela at PAU attracts lakhs of visitors
This city was once the capital of a princely state and traces of
royal grandeur are still plain to see here. From the imposing
fortress, Qila Mubarak, that occupies the centre of town, to the
19th century palaces, Moti Bagh and Sheesh Mahal at the edge of
the city, the
wealth, imagination and typically Punjabi sensibilities of old
Punjab are on display. The people of Patiala consider themselves
the torchbearers of Punjabi language and culture.
Patiala has long been a centre of trade and commerce but in
recent years it is also developing rapidly as a manufacturing
city producing a wide range of goods
Being close to the hills, Punjab is an ideal base for treks in
Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. For the less
adventurous, the hill stations of Shimla and Dalhousie are
within driving distance from any part of Punjab.
Hotels and Restaurants:
Hotels offering three or four star facilities are available at
Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Amritsar. Smaller towns like
Patiala, Ferozepur or Bhatinda offer two to three star
facilities while in very small towns like Hoshiarpur, Sangrur
and Ropar, it would be advisable to either depend on the
facilities of the Tourism Corporation or the Government Dak
Bungalows.The bigger towns have
noteworthy restaurants and caterers. The Punjab Tourism
Development Corporation has developed picnic spots at Ropar,
Neelon (near Ludhiana), Ludhiana, Kartarpur (near Jalandhar),
Sirhind (near Patiala), Pathankot and operates well-run
restaurants on the Grand Trunk road and other highways as part
of its highway tourism facilities.
243.59 Lakh for the year 2001
Rural: 160.96 Lakh
Urban: 82.63 Lakh
Punjabi and Hindi.
Many people are fluent in English and Urdu
Rupee (100 paise equals one rupee)
Find Punjab on the globe at 29’30’’ N to 32’32’’ N latitude and
73’55 E to 76’50 E longitude,
Climatically the state has three major seasons.
Hot weather (April to June) when temperature rises as high as
Rainy season (July to September). Average rainfall annual ranges
between 96 cms sub-mountain region and 46 cms in the plains.
Cold weather (October to March). Temperature goes down as low as
Major Land Features:
Most of Punjab is a fertile plain; toward the southeast one
finds semi-arid and desert landscape; a belt of undulating hills
extends along the northeast at the foot of the Himalayas. Four
rivers, the Ravi, Beas, Satluj and Ghaggar flow across the state
in a southwesterly direction. They have numerous small and
seasonal tributaries. In addition, Punjab is watered by an
extensive canal system.
is the best-planned city in India, with
architecture which is world-renowned, and a quality of life,
which is unparalleled. As the capital of the states of Punjab
and Haryana, and the Union Territory of Chandigarh it is a
prestigious city. The face of modern India, Chandigarh, is the
manifestation of a dream that Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru envisaged
and Le Corbusier executed. India’s first planned city, is in
sharp contrast to its other Indian counterparts, a rich,
prosperous, spic and span, green city rightly called “ THE CITY
How to reach
The airport is 11 km from downtown. Taxis are available for
Airport transfer. Indian Airlines, Jet Airways and Air Deccan
connects Chandigarh with New Delhi the National Capital.
Chandigarh Tourism has well maintained Tourist Information
Centre at the Airport. Air Deccan recently started the Jammu-Chandigarh
Air connection which is a great help for pilgrims to Mata
Name Flight From - To Time
Indian Airlines IC 866 Mumbai-Delhi-Chandigarh (Daily) 2:00 p.m.
Air Deccan DN 537 Delhi-Chandigarh-Jammu (Daily) 1:40 p.m.
Jet Airways 9W 3303 Delhi-Chandigarh (Daily) 1:40 p.m.
Name Flight From - To Time
Indian Airlines IC 863 Chandigarh-Delhi-Mumbai (Daily) 3:15 p.m.
Air Deccan DN 538 Jammu-Chandigarh-Delhi (Daily) 4:45 p.m.
Jet Airways 9W 3304 Chandigarh-Delhi (Daily) 2:10 p.m.
Airlines Enquiry :
Flight Enquiry, Airport - 2656029
Airport (Civil) - 2656027
VIP Room - 2656021
Senior Aerodrome Officer, Airport - 2656027
Flight Enquiry :
Indian Airlines - 2656024, 2656029, 2704539
Indian Airlines, Reservation Office - Sector 17-C - 2704539
Indian Airlines, Cargo Office - Sector 17-C - 2704034
Jet Airways - 2740550, 2658934
Air Deccan - 2651748, 2651848
Official Airlines Flying to & from Chandigarh
Indian Airlines -
Jet Airways -
Air Deccan -